Yıl 2018, Cilt 8, Sayı 16, Sayfalar 335 - 356 2018-10-01

KAHRAMANMARAŞ İLİ’NİN ORMAN YANGINI DUYARLILIK ANALİZİ
FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE

Fatma ESEN [1] , Vedat AVCİ [2]

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Kahramanmaraş İli, Akdeniz, Doğu Anadolu ve Güneydoğu Anadolu ekolojik bölgelerinin birbirine en çok yaklaştığı yerde konumlanmıştır. İlde özellikle Akdeniz ikliminin egemen olduğu güney kesimler, orman yangınları açısından son derece hassas alanlara karşılık gelmektedir. Bu çalışmada Kahramanmaraş Orman Bölge Müdürlüğü kayıtlarındaki (2012-2017) 376 orman yangınının başlangıç noktaları esas alınarak, Kahramanmaraş İl’inde orman yangınlarının dağılımları analiz edilmiştir. Bu analiz, orman yangını riskini etkileyen faktörler (bitki örtüsü, yükselti, eğim, bakı, sıcaklık, yağış, yerleşmeye uzaklık, yollara uzaklık) göz önünde bulundurularak yapılmıştır. CBS (Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri) teknikleri ile AHS (Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci) yöntemi kullanarak, yangın sayısının yangını etkileyen faktörlere göre dağılımı esas alınmış, yapılan analizler sonucunda Kahramanmaraş İl’inde yangına duyarlı alanlar haritalanmıştır. Buna göre orman yangını için Kahramanmaraş İl topraklarının %46.2'si yüksek derecede, %47.6'sı çok yüksek derecede ve %4.1'i de ekstrem derecede duyarlıdır. Orta derecede duyarlı olan alanlar ise 30.197 ha olup il arazisinin sadece %2.1'ini oluşturmaktadır. Düşük derecede duyarlı alan ise bulunmamaktadır. Tüm bu değerler ilin bulunduğu konumda coğrafi koşulların orman yangını için yüksek duyarlılık gösterdiğini ifade etmektedir. 

Kahramanmaras province is located in an area where Mediterranean, Eastern Anatolia and Southeast Anatolia eco-regions are the nearest to each other. Southern regions of the province, in particular, are dominated by Mediterranean climate and correspond to high susceptible areas in terms of forest fires. In this study, the distribution of forest fires in Kahramanmaras province was analyzed based on the outbreak points of 376 forest fires (2012-2017) recorded by Kahramanmaras Regional Directorate of Forestry.  This analysis was carried out considering the factors affecting forest fire risk (vegetation, altitude, slope, aspect, temperature, precipitation, distance to settlement, distance to roads).  By using GIS (Geographical Information Systems) techniques and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) method, fire-susceptible areas were mapped in Kahramanmaras province at the end of the analysis conducted based on the distribution of the number of forest fires by factors that affect fire. Accordingly, 46.2% of Kahramanmaras province are high susceptible to forest fire, 47.6% are very high and 4.1% are extremely susceptible.  The moderate susceptible areas are 30.197 ha, accounting for only 2.1% of the province land.  There is no low susceptible area.  All these values ​​indicate that the geographical conditions at the location where the province is located are high susceptible to forest fires. 

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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3740-1751
Yazar: Fatma ESEN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1439-3098
Yazar: Vedat AVCİ

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { busbed437858, journal = {Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1309-6672}, eissn = {2618-6322}, address = {Bingöl Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {8}, pages = {335 - 356}, doi = {10.29029/busbed.437858}, title = {FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE}, key = {cite}, author = {AVCİ, Vedat and ESEN, Fatma} }
APA ESEN, F , AVCİ, V . (2018). FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE. Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8 (16), 335-356. DOI: 10.29029/busbed.437858
MLA ESEN, F , AVCİ, V . "FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE". Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 (2018): 335-356 <http://busbed.bingol.edu.tr/issue/39173/437858>
Chicago ESEN, F , AVCİ, V . "FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE". Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 (2018): 335-356
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE AU - Fatma ESEN , Vedat AVCİ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.29029/busbed.437858 DO - 10.29029/busbed.437858 T2 - Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 335 EP - 356 VL - 8 IS - 16 SN - 1309-6672-2618-6322 M3 - doi: 10.29029/busbed.437858 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29029/busbed.437858 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE %A Fatma ESEN , Vedat AVCİ %T FOREST FIRE SUSCEPTIBILITY ANALYSIS OF KAHRAMANMARAS PROVINCE %D 2018 %J Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1309-6672-2618-6322 %V 8 %N 16 %R doi: 10.29029/busbed.437858 %U 10.29029/busbed.437858
ISNAD ESEN, Fatma , AVCİ, Vedat . "KAHRAMANMARAŞ İLİ’NİN ORMAN YANGINI DUYARLILIK ANALİZİ". Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 / 16 (Ekim 2018): 335-356. http://dx.doi.org/10.29029/busbed.437858