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CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21, 239 - 252, 27.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663

Abstract

This study aims to analyse the novel Beloved by Toni Morrison in terms of cultural identity through post-colonial perspective. In Beloved which deals with slavery in America in nineteenth century, by portraying a true history of a Black slave mother, Morrison reflects the voice of voiceless, sufferers, and others who are shut from any contentment in life. She represents bluntly the unpleasant experiences of constructing identity in the shadow of racism. The novel illustrates the hardships and pressure grieved by the slaves of a farm called Sweet Home in the period of the Civil War focusing on the misery of Sethe's poor, depressed family. In this study, the factors affecting African American identity and the process of constructing the cultural identity of African Americans are discussed through viewing the period`s deep-seated developments.

References

  • BibleGateway. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+7:1-7&version=KJV.
  • Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge. Castronovo, R. ( 2002). Race and other clichés. American Literary History, 14(3), 551-565.
  • ElshoffIowa, J. (2003, November 7). Column: America isn't a 'melting pot' or a 'salad bowl'. Retrieved from https://www.iowastatedaily.com/opinion/column-america-isn-t-a-melting-pot-or-a-salad/a rticle_29614c64-3ffe-56aa-9262-3e9438ac9ca2.html.
  • Fanon, F. (1967). Black skin white masks. New York: Grove P. Fanon, F. (1963).The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove P. Foster, C. (2007). Blackness and Modernity: The Colour of Humanity and the Quest Freedom. London: McGill-Queen’s UP.
  • Rosaldo, R. (1995). Forward: Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity. London: University of Minnesota Press Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/last201spring2017/files/2017/01/garcia-canclini_hybrid-cultures2.pdf
  • Guy-Sheftall, B. (1982). Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, eds., All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave, Black Womens Studies. The Journal of Negro History, 67(3), 271–272. doi: 10.2307/2717398
  • Historic Speeches - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Retrieved from https://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/Historic-Speeches.aspx
  • Jackson, R. L.(1999). Negotiation of Cultural Identity: Perceptions of European Americans and African Americans. Westport Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.
  • Kennedy, R. (2017). Building a City on a Hill. Political Science Building a City on a Hill.pdf Le Clair, T. (1983). An interview with Toni Morrison, anything can happen: interviews with contemporary American novelists. In L. MacCaffery (Ed.) Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, (pp. 252–261).
  • Morrison, T. (1987) . Beloved: a novel. New York: Penguin. Patton, T. O. (2006). Hey Girl, Am I More than My Hair?: African American Women and Their Struggles with Beauty, Body Image, and Hair. NWSA Journal, 18(2), 24–51. doi: 10.2979/nws.2006.18.2.24
  • Rodrigues, E. L. (1991). Telling of Beloved. Understanding Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Sula, 2 (2) Spring, 61- 82. Said, E. (1993). Culture and imperialism. London: Vintage Books. Pdf. Safran, W. (1991). Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return. Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 1(1), 83–84. doi: 10.1353/dsp.1991.0004
  • Saleem, T. F. (2010). The village mother in selected works of Toni Morrison (Electronic Theses & Dissertations) Jack N. Averitt College of Graduate Studies (COGS) : Georgia Southern University. Retrived from https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1180&context=etd
  • Sugırtharajah, S. R. (2005). The bible and empire postcolonial explorations. New York: Cambridge University Press. Wilentz, G., & Mckay, N. Y. (1988). Critical Essays on Toni Morrison. Melus, 15(3), 131. doi: 10.2307/467508 Zangwill, I. (1909). A Song of Life. Journal of Education, 70(14), 369–369. doi: 10.1177/002205740907001402

SEVİLEN ADLI ESERDE KÜLTÜREL KİMLİK

Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21, 239 - 252, 27.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Toni Morrison’un Sevilen adlı romanını kültürel kimlik bağlamında, post-coloniyel bir bakış açısıyla, ele almayı hedeflemektedir. Morrison, on dokuzuncu yüzyıldaki köleliği ele alan Sevilen adlı eserde, siyahî anne bir kölenin gerçek hayat hikâyesini işleyerek, sömürülenlerin, ezilenlerin ve çaresizlerin sessiz çığlıklarını yansıtmaktadır. Irkçılığın gölgesinde, yeni bir kimlik oluşturmanın zorluklarını aktarmaktadır. Roman, Amerika’nın iç savaş yıllarında (1861-1865) Tatlı Ev çiftliğindeki Sethe adındaki siyahî kölenin ve ailesinin acılarını, ıstıraplarını ve yaşantılarındaki zorlukları ele almaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Amerikalı siyahîlerin kültürel kimliğini şekillendiren faktörler ve Amerikalı siyahîlerin kültürel kimliğini inşa etme süreçleri, dönemin gelişen olayları ışığında ele alınmaktadır.

References

  • BibleGateway. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+7:1-7&version=KJV.
  • Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge. Castronovo, R. ( 2002). Race and other clichés. American Literary History, 14(3), 551-565.
  • ElshoffIowa, J. (2003, November 7). Column: America isn't a 'melting pot' or a 'salad bowl'. Retrieved from https://www.iowastatedaily.com/opinion/column-america-isn-t-a-melting-pot-or-a-salad/a rticle_29614c64-3ffe-56aa-9262-3e9438ac9ca2.html.
  • Fanon, F. (1967). Black skin white masks. New York: Grove P. Fanon, F. (1963).The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove P. Foster, C. (2007). Blackness and Modernity: The Colour of Humanity and the Quest Freedom. London: McGill-Queen’s UP.
  • Rosaldo, R. (1995). Forward: Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity. London: University of Minnesota Press Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/last201spring2017/files/2017/01/garcia-canclini_hybrid-cultures2.pdf
  • Guy-Sheftall, B. (1982). Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, eds., All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave, Black Womens Studies. The Journal of Negro History, 67(3), 271–272. doi: 10.2307/2717398
  • Historic Speeches - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Retrieved from https://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/Historic-Speeches.aspx
  • Jackson, R. L.(1999). Negotiation of Cultural Identity: Perceptions of European Americans and African Americans. Westport Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.
  • Kennedy, R. (2017). Building a City on a Hill. Political Science Building a City on a Hill.pdf Le Clair, T. (1983). An interview with Toni Morrison, anything can happen: interviews with contemporary American novelists. In L. MacCaffery (Ed.) Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, (pp. 252–261).
  • Morrison, T. (1987) . Beloved: a novel. New York: Penguin. Patton, T. O. (2006). Hey Girl, Am I More than My Hair?: African American Women and Their Struggles with Beauty, Body Image, and Hair. NWSA Journal, 18(2), 24–51. doi: 10.2979/nws.2006.18.2.24
  • Rodrigues, E. L. (1991). Telling of Beloved. Understanding Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Sula, 2 (2) Spring, 61- 82. Said, E. (1993). Culture and imperialism. London: Vintage Books. Pdf. Safran, W. (1991). Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return. Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 1(1), 83–84. doi: 10.1353/dsp.1991.0004
  • Saleem, T. F. (2010). The village mother in selected works of Toni Morrison (Electronic Theses & Dissertations) Jack N. Averitt College of Graduate Studies (COGS) : Georgia Southern University. Retrived from https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1180&context=etd
  • Sugırtharajah, S. R. (2005). The bible and empire postcolonial explorations. New York: Cambridge University Press. Wilentz, G., & Mckay, N. Y. (1988). Critical Essays on Toni Morrison. Melus, 15(3), 131. doi: 10.2307/467508 Zangwill, I. (1909). A Song of Life. Journal of Education, 70(14), 369–369. doi: 10.1177/002205740907001402

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Literature
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Ayşegül ELÇİ (Primary Author)
BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5179-5507
Türkiye

Publication Date April 27, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume , Issue 21

Cite

APA Elçi, A. (2020). CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED . Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , (21) , 239-252 . DOI: 10.29029/busbed.816663