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CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 21, 239 - 252, 27.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663

Öz

This study aims to analyse the novel Beloved by Toni Morrison in terms of cultural identity through post-colonial perspective. In Beloved which deals with slavery in America in nineteenth century, by portraying a true history of a Black slave mother, Morrison reflects the voice of voiceless, sufferers, and others who are shut from any contentment in life. She represents bluntly the unpleasant experiences of constructing identity in the shadow of racism. The novel illustrates the hardships and pressure grieved by the slaves of a farm called Sweet Home in the period of the Civil War focusing on the misery of Sethe's poor, depressed family. In this study, the factors affecting African American identity and the process of constructing the cultural identity of African Americans are discussed through viewing the period`s deep-seated developments.

Kaynakça

  • BibleGateway. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+7:1-7&version=KJV.
  • Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge. Castronovo, R. ( 2002). Race and other clichés. American Literary History, 14(3), 551-565.
  • ElshoffIowa, J. (2003, November 7). Column: America isn't a 'melting pot' or a 'salad bowl'. Retrieved from https://www.iowastatedaily.com/opinion/column-america-isn-t-a-melting-pot-or-a-salad/a rticle_29614c64-3ffe-56aa-9262-3e9438ac9ca2.html.
  • Fanon, F. (1967). Black skin white masks. New York: Grove P. Fanon, F. (1963).The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove P. Foster, C. (2007). Blackness and Modernity: The Colour of Humanity and the Quest Freedom. London: McGill-Queen’s UP.
  • Rosaldo, R. (1995). Forward: Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity. London: University of Minnesota Press Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/last201spring2017/files/2017/01/garcia-canclini_hybrid-cultures2.pdf
  • Guy-Sheftall, B. (1982). Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, eds., All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave, Black Womens Studies. The Journal of Negro History, 67(3), 271–272. doi: 10.2307/2717398
  • Historic Speeches - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Retrieved from https://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/Historic-Speeches.aspx
  • Jackson, R. L.(1999). Negotiation of Cultural Identity: Perceptions of European Americans and African Americans. Westport Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.
  • Kennedy, R. (2017). Building a City on a Hill. Political Science Building a City on a Hill.pdf Le Clair, T. (1983). An interview with Toni Morrison, anything can happen: interviews with contemporary American novelists. In L. MacCaffery (Ed.) Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, (pp. 252–261).
  • Morrison, T. (1987) . Beloved: a novel. New York: Penguin. Patton, T. O. (2006). Hey Girl, Am I More than My Hair?: African American Women and Their Struggles with Beauty, Body Image, and Hair. NWSA Journal, 18(2), 24–51. doi: 10.2979/nws.2006.18.2.24
  • Rodrigues, E. L. (1991). Telling of Beloved. Understanding Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Sula, 2 (2) Spring, 61- 82. Said, E. (1993). Culture and imperialism. London: Vintage Books. Pdf. Safran, W. (1991). Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return. Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 1(1), 83–84. doi: 10.1353/dsp.1991.0004
  • Saleem, T. F. (2010). The village mother in selected works of Toni Morrison (Electronic Theses & Dissertations) Jack N. Averitt College of Graduate Studies (COGS) : Georgia Southern University. Retrived from https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1180&context=etd
  • Sugırtharajah, S. R. (2005). The bible and empire postcolonial explorations. New York: Cambridge University Press. Wilentz, G., & Mckay, N. Y. (1988). Critical Essays on Toni Morrison. Melus, 15(3), 131. doi: 10.2307/467508 Zangwill, I. (1909). A Song of Life. Journal of Education, 70(14), 369–369. doi: 10.1177/002205740907001402

SEVİLEN ADLI ESERDE KÜLTÜREL KİMLİK

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 21, 239 - 252, 27.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663

Öz

Bu çalışma, Toni Morrison’un Sevilen adlı romanını kültürel kimlik bağlamında, post-coloniyel bir bakış açısıyla, ele almayı hedeflemektedir. Morrison, on dokuzuncu yüzyıldaki köleliği ele alan Sevilen adlı eserde, siyahî anne bir kölenin gerçek hayat hikâyesini işleyerek, sömürülenlerin, ezilenlerin ve çaresizlerin sessiz çığlıklarını yansıtmaktadır. Irkçılığın gölgesinde, yeni bir kimlik oluşturmanın zorluklarını aktarmaktadır. Roman, Amerika’nın iç savaş yıllarında (1861-1865) Tatlı Ev çiftliğindeki Sethe adındaki siyahî kölenin ve ailesinin acılarını, ıstıraplarını ve yaşantılarındaki zorlukları ele almaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Amerikalı siyahîlerin kültürel kimliğini şekillendiren faktörler ve Amerikalı siyahîlerin kültürel kimliğini inşa etme süreçleri, dönemin gelişen olayları ışığında ele alınmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • BibleGateway. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Deuteronomy+7:1-7&version=KJV.
  • Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The location of culture. London: Routledge. Castronovo, R. ( 2002). Race and other clichés. American Literary History, 14(3), 551-565.
  • ElshoffIowa, J. (2003, November 7). Column: America isn't a 'melting pot' or a 'salad bowl'. Retrieved from https://www.iowastatedaily.com/opinion/column-america-isn-t-a-melting-pot-or-a-salad/a rticle_29614c64-3ffe-56aa-9262-3e9438ac9ca2.html.
  • Fanon, F. (1967). Black skin white masks. New York: Grove P. Fanon, F. (1963).The wretched of the earth. New York: Grove P. Foster, C. (2007). Blackness and Modernity: The Colour of Humanity and the Quest Freedom. London: McGill-Queen’s UP.
  • Rosaldo, R. (1995). Forward: Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity. London: University of Minnesota Press Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/last201spring2017/files/2017/01/garcia-canclini_hybrid-cultures2.pdf
  • Guy-Sheftall, B. (1982). Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, eds., All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, but Some of Us Are Brave, Black Womens Studies. The Journal of Negro History, 67(3), 271–272. doi: 10.2307/2717398
  • Historic Speeches - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Retrieved from https://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/Historic-Speeches.aspx
  • Jackson, R. L.(1999). Negotiation of Cultural Identity: Perceptions of European Americans and African Americans. Westport Connecticut: Praeger Publishers.
  • Kennedy, R. (2017). Building a City on a Hill. Political Science Building a City on a Hill.pdf Le Clair, T. (1983). An interview with Toni Morrison, anything can happen: interviews with contemporary American novelists. In L. MacCaffery (Ed.) Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, (pp. 252–261).
  • Morrison, T. (1987) . Beloved: a novel. New York: Penguin. Patton, T. O. (2006). Hey Girl, Am I More than My Hair?: African American Women and Their Struggles with Beauty, Body Image, and Hair. NWSA Journal, 18(2), 24–51. doi: 10.2979/nws.2006.18.2.24
  • Rodrigues, E. L. (1991). Telling of Beloved. Understanding Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Sula, 2 (2) Spring, 61- 82. Said, E. (1993). Culture and imperialism. London: Vintage Books. Pdf. Safran, W. (1991). Diasporas in Modern Societies: Myths of Homeland and Return. Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies, 1(1), 83–84. doi: 10.1353/dsp.1991.0004
  • Saleem, T. F. (2010). The village mother in selected works of Toni Morrison (Electronic Theses & Dissertations) Jack N. Averitt College of Graduate Studies (COGS) : Georgia Southern University. Retrived from https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1180&context=etd
  • Sugırtharajah, S. R. (2005). The bible and empire postcolonial explorations. New York: Cambridge University Press. Wilentz, G., & Mckay, N. Y. (1988). Critical Essays on Toni Morrison. Melus, 15(3), 131. doi: 10.2307/467508 Zangwill, I. (1909). A Song of Life. Journal of Education, 70(14), 369–369. doi: 10.1177/002205740907001402

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Edebiyat
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Ayşegül ELÇİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5179-5507
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Nisan 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 21

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { busbed816663, journal = {Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1309-6672}, eissn = {2618-6322}, address = {Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü 12100, Merkez Bingöl}, publisher = {Bingöl Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {239 - 252}, doi = {10.29029/busbed.816663}, title = {CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED}, key = {cite}, author = {Elçi, Ayşegül} }
APA Elçi, A. (2020). CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED . Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , (21) , 239-252 . DOI: 10.29029/busbed.816663
MLA Elçi, A. "CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED" . Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi (2020 ): 239-252 <http://busbed.bingol.edu.tr/tr/pub/issue/61932/816663>
Chicago Elçi, A. "CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED". Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi (2020 ): 239-252
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED AU - Ayşegül Elçi Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29029/busbed.816663 DO - 10.29029/busbed.816663 T2 - Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 239 EP - 252 VL - IS - 21 SN - 1309-6672-2618-6322 M3 - doi: 10.29029/busbed.816663 UR - https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED %A Ayşegül Elçi %T CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED %D 2020 %J Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1309-6672-2618-6322 %V %N 21 %R doi: 10.29029/busbed.816663 %U 10.29029/busbed.816663
ISNAD Elçi, Ayşegül . "CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED". Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / 21 (Nisan 2020): 239-252 . https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.816663
AMA Elçi A. CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED. Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2020; (21): 239-252.
Vancouver Elçi A. CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED. Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2020; (21): 239-252.
IEEE A. Elçi , "CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BELOVED", Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, sayı. 21, ss. 239-252, Nis. 2020, doi:10.29029/busbed.816663