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DETERMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HEALTHY LITERACY LEVEL AND HEALTHY LIFESTYLE BEHAVIOR IN TERMS OF EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH SERVICES

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 22, 791 - 824, 21.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.927028

Öz

According to the data of the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases constitute a significant part of deaths. In general, individuals are more prone to unhealthy lifestyles, leading to an increase in global metabolic syndrome. The reduction of these deaths depends on individual awareness and the improvement of health literacy. The study's primary purpose, which was implemented by face-to-face interviews with 400 people residing in Düzce, is to determine the relationship between health literacy level and healthy lifestyle behaviour in terms of effective health services management. In the literature, many studies have been done separately on health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviour. However, the number of studies in which both scales were used together is very few. Most of the studies have been done in the forms such as single variable (e.g. gender), single profession (e.g. student). Therefore, it can be said that the study has a very original structure in this respect. According to the analysis results, it was determined that health literacy affects a healthy lifestyle high in some dimensions and moderately in others. While the average value of healthy lifestyle behaviour is high, the health literacy level was found to be moderate. It was determined that there is a relationship between health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviour, and the relationship is positive and linear. The path analysis determined that health literacy has a statistically significant and positive effect on healthy lifestyle behaviour (β = 0.804; p <0.05).

Kaynakça

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SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİNİN ETKİN YÖNETİLMESİ AÇISINDAN SAĞLIK OKURYAZARLIK DÜZEYİ İLE SAĞLIKLI YAŞAM BİÇİMİ DAVRANIŞI ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 22, 791 - 824, 21.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.29029/busbed.927028

Öz

Dünya Sağlık Örgütü verilerine göre bulaşıcı olmayan hastalıklar ölümlerin önemli bir kısmını oluşturmaktadır. Genel olarak bireyler sağlıksız yaşam tarzlarına daha eğilimli oldukları için küresel metabolik sendromun yayılmasındaki artışa neden olmaktadır. Söz konusu ölümlerin azaltılması, bireysel bilinçlenmeye ve sağlık okuryazarlık düzeyinin geliştirilmesine bağlı bulunmaktadır. Düzce’de ikamet eden 400 kişi ile yüz yüze görüşülerek uygulanan çalışmanın ana amacı, sağlık hizmetlerinin etkin yönetilmesi açısından sağlık okuryazarlık düzeyi ile sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışı arasındaki ilişkiyi tespit etmektir. Literatürde sağlık okuryazarlık ve sağlıklı yaşam davranışı ile ilgili ayrı ayrı çok çalışma yapılmıştır. Ancak her iki ölçeğin beraber kullanıldığı çalışma sayısı oldukça azdır. Yapılan çalışmaların büyük bir kısmı ise tek değişken (örneğin cinsiyet), tek meslek (örneğin öğrenci) vb. şekillerde yapılmıştır. Dolayısıyla bu açıdan çalışma oldukça orijinal bir yapıya sahip olduğu söylenebilir. Sonuçlara göre, sağlık okuryazarlığının sağlıklı yaşam biçimini bazı boyutlarda yüksek ve bir kısmında ise orta düzeyde etkilediği tespit edilmiştir. Sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışının ortalama değeri yüksek iken, sağlık okuryazarlık seviyesinin orta seviyede olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Sağlık okuryazarlığı ile sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışı arasında ilişki olduğu, ilişkinin pozitif ve doğrusal olduğu belirlenmiştir. Path analizi ile de sağlık okuryazarlığının, sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışını (β=0,804; p<0,05) anlamlı düzeyde ve olumlu olarak etkilediği belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • ABEL, T. (2007), Cultural Capital in Health Promotion. In Health and Modernity: The Role of Theory in Health Promotion. Eds: McQueen, DV, Kickbusch I, Springer, New York.
  • ADAMS, R. J., PİIANTADOSI, C., ETTRIDGE, K., MILLER, C., WILSON, C., TUCKER, G. ve HILL, C. L. (2013), Functional Health Literacy Mediates the Relationship between Socio-Economic Status, Perceptions and Lifestyle Behaviors Related to Cancer Risk in an Australian Population. Patient Educ Couns. 91(2):206–212. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2012.12.001.
  • AHIJEVYCH, K. ve BERNHARD, L. (1994), Health-promoting Behaviors of African-American Women, Nursing Research, 43(2):86-89.
  • AKÇA, Ş. (1998), Üniversite Öğretim Elemanlarının Sağlığı Geliştirme Davranışları ve Bunu Etkileyen Etmenlerin Değerlendirilmesi. Bilim Uzmanlığı Tezi, İzmir.
  • Al-MA’AITAH, R. ve HADDAD, L. (1999), Health Promotion Behaviors of Jordanian Women. Health Care for Women International, 20(6):533-547.
  • ANBARI, K., GHANADI, K., KAVIANI, M. ve MONTAZERI, R. (2012), The self Care and its Related Factors in Diabetic Patients of Khorramabad City. Yafteh. 14(4):49–57.
  • ARYANKHESAL, A., NIKNAM, N., HASANI, M., MENGELIZADEH, N., AGHAEI, N., GHAEDCHUKAMEI, Z., RANAEI, A., KALTEH, E. A. ve NAGHDI, B. (2019), Determining the Relationship between Health Literacy Level and Quality of Life Among the Elderly Living in Nursing Home, J Educ Health Promot. 8: 225. doi:10.4103/jehp.jehp_310_19, PMCID: PMC6904942, PMID: 31867389.
  • AYAZ, S., TEZCAN, S. ve AKINCI, F. (2005), Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Öğrencilerinin Sağlığı Geliştirme Davranışları. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi. 9(2):26-34.
  • BAGHAEI, P., ZANDI, M., VARES, Z., MASOUDI ALAVI, N. ve ADIB-HAJBAGHERY, M. (2008), Self Care Situation in Diabetic Patients Referring to Kashan Diabetes Center, in 2005. KAUMS J (Feyz). 12(1):88–93.
  • BAHAR, Z. ve BAYIK, A. (1998), Sağlığın Geliştirilmesi ve Sağlık Eğitimi. Hemşirelikte Eğitim Materyali, 1. Baskı, Ankara: Sağlık Bakanlığı Matbaası.
  • BAHAR, Z., BEŞER, A., GÖRDES, N., ERSİN, F. ve KISSAL, A. (2008), Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları Ölçeği II’nin Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Dergisi, 12(1):1-13.
  • BAINS, S. S. ve EGEDE, L. E. (2011), Associations between health literacy, diabetes knowledge, self-care behaviors, and glycemic control in a low income population with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Technology Therapeutics. 13:335–41.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Abdülvahap BAYDAŞ
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4471-3470
Türkiye


Fuat YALMAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1041-1837
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Herhangi bir kurum desteklememiştir.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 21 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 22

Kaynak Göster

APA Baydaş, A. & Yalman, F. (2021). SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİNİN ETKİN YÖNETİLMESİ AÇISINDAN SAĞLIK OKURYAZARLIK DÜZEYİ İLE SAĞLIKLI YAŞAM BİÇİMİ DAVRANIŞI ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİNİN BELİRLENMESİ . Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi , (22) , 791-824 . DOI: 10.29029/busbed.927028